Foursquare Hereditas


A single blended rum. Yes, indeed, another one of those curious pieces of rum terminology that make one’s mind implode gently. The terminology has been a bit of an issue in the rum community – well, in a small quarter of the rum community I suppose – with lots of people wondering how to navigate an industry where just about anything goes.

The Whisky Exchange recently announced a new system, which is their own valiant spin on someone else’s – Luca Gargano’s – landmark system as a series of filters to help people buy rum; mashed up with I suppose what could be some SWMS-inspired flavour groupings. All of which is what you’d expect a retailer to do and rum certainly needs some kind of navigational tool like this; but their end result felt… just a little cold to my highly biased mind.

Why? Because it launches with a technical classification, a system that immediately talks about machines and engineering, and not actual ingredients or things that I, as a provenance-minded drinker, actually care about. I simply don’t think people wake up in the morning and think, I know, tonight I could really murder a rum made in a “single distillery using modern multi-column stills” quite in the same way as they might a single malt whisky. Maybe I’m wrong…

Perhaps it was the way it was presented, sidelining cane-derived agricoles for their blog post, which seemed a shade odd. I do think their flavour groupings are a very good idea for consumers though, and this is possibly far more helpful – though I am not typical and I am not involved at the retail coal face.

This obsession with still set-ups is, however, a rum industry mindset (and it is far more so than your equivalent whisky geek). And I think it is a mindset largely borne out of the fact that most rums are made from the waste material of sugar production: molasses. They’re borne from industrial structures, by and large; factories rather than romantic distilleries (though of course, many a distillery could be considered a factory too). But do menus in any restaurant list your meals by the types of ovens that they use to conjure up your romantic dinner for two? The pots that were used, whether or not they were steel or copper? Or even the types of plates on which your meal was served?

What is it made from? How did they cook it – what did the chef do?

I suppose, at least Gargano’s system begins with the ingredients before deviating to that insane world of rum apparatus. On top of ingredients, how about we start dividing it up into how much sugar and additives are dumped into it? To be fair, there is a note on that in the Whisky Exchange’s system – should more be made of it though? Should we carve up the Scotch whisky industry, likewise, into whiskies with caramel added and those without? It’s a yes from me, by the way. I’d start with that distinction at the very top: let people know what is the real deal and which is not, and they can vote with their wallets.

How useful are Geographical Indications in this conversation on rum classifications? Are they brought in to restrict genuine heritage (i.e. the issues with yeast strains), are they useful at preserving something unique or are they a lobbying weapon of major producers to make sure their way is the only way? Does it risk preserving rum how it is made now over how it had historically been made? It probably depends on your agenda – which is really what I’m saying is the issue with GIs; and it’s all a big, messy, political affair. Not unlike the laughable GI situation with Irish whisky, which is, in essence, one large producer writing its own production methods into legislation, searching to define a GI that was never quite so.

These attempts at classification systems are important though. The debate is healthy. Criticisms are welcome. Everyone is looking for that magic method to help turbocharge the rum revolution, which has been the Next Big Thing for years, by helping people understand just what the hell is going on in a messy industry with very little transparency.

Indeed, that’s the problem with the industry classifying things via the production route: the industry’s global lack of transparency of anything whatsoever to do with actual production is the limiting factor, for any classification. It doesn’t matter what system one uses, it will be limited by the industry’s inherent opaqueness. Our stills? Fine, you can ask about those. Just don’t ask us about what we made it from really, whether or not we dump our waste materials into marine environments, whether or not those involved in production are living god-awful lives, let alone the basic business of for how long and where it was actually matured, or if you have one iota where your raw ingredients came from.

In rum, classification – GIs, too – is impossible without transparency. But transparency solves a lot of other problems: when you show us behind the scenes, classification is less important as drinkers make up their minds on whether or not to purchase a bottle. Transparency allows people to decide what they actually value.

Anyway. This all sounds grumpier than I intend it to, and I raise all the above as someone who is involved in the rum industry from a new producer’s point of view (indeed, one that Luca Gargano himself has said is the single most exciting rum project he has seen in over 40 years). I like that The Whisky Exchange has been attempting this, even if it does leave me a little cold in its execution.

So let’s forget about classification for now. Today I have a decent rum indeed – albeit one with that annoying term that seems to have stuck, a “single blended” rum – from fan-favourite Foursquare. That means it comes from one distillery that has, in the Caribbean style, a column and a pot set-up. I understand that, for some curious reason, these distillates are blended together before maturation, though I don’t know what the ratio of column to pot is. Transparency, eh? This will cost you £79.95.

Foursquare Hereditas – Review

Colour: henna.

On the nose: coffee, charred meats, but then leading into some mango and cinnamon. Raisins and digs, but with some redcurrant sharpness. Slightly herbal, with tarragon and fennel. Cloves now and some nutmeg.

In the mouth: quite a thin texture in my mind, contrary to the blurb. (One only has to look at the beads streaming down the glass quickly.)  Heavy on the woodiness and the spiciness, a little blunt and crude, but pretty soon that opens up to some lovely exotic herbalness, Chinese Five Spice, nutmeg, cloves. Give it time and it really opens up (or perhaps one gets used to that heavy woodiness). The dried fruits takeover, raisins, figs, quite dark and lovely, with plum sauce, balsamic vinegar and a bite of Tiramisu.


Very pleasant indeed. Bourbon and rye fans would find much to enjoy here and it is a good selection from the folks at The Whisky Exchange.

Score: 7/10

  1. Billy Abbott says:

    As discussed previously, we at The Whisky Exchange haven’t sidelined the raw material side of classification – it’s been on our site for more than a decade, and appears in a little dropdown at the top of every rum listing, marked as “Type”. Sugar cane juice, sugar cane syrup/honey and molasses, all happily sectioned out. It’s just not part of the new classifications, just like we didn’t make a big thing out of country or bottle size.

    I’m still working on the whole “Agricole” business, as that’s a much more sticky term. Grab Luca Gargano and ask him about it…his answer will take a while 🙂

    1. Mark says:

      Yes, I recall our chat on Facebook and I’m not saying you have sidelined it elsewhere on every rum listing – but as an article linked to about classification, it was, shall we say, a glaring lacuna.

      That relegates things to ‘web filters’ too in my mind – perfectly good for an ecommerce platform, 100%. But not necessarily for an article setting out a stall on classification.

  2. Welsh Toro says:

    Wow – Excellent review Mark and good to see you back. Rum, yeah (ha), what really is there to say. We have, as you say, been waiting for the ‘next big thing’ for quite a few years. It is moving forward but in a rather snail like manner. Most people, even those in my drinking circles, don’t drink much rum and know nothing, whatsoever, about it.

    I like the official Foursquare offerings but there’s not been much difference between them. My favourites are the ex-bourbon cask strength releases. I’m sure this is a good one but until I finish what I’ve got I’m not that bothered. I still prefer the Habitation Velier bottles of Foursquare but they cost more. Cheers. WT

    1. Mark says:

      Cheers, WT! Yes, I’ve not gone anywhere, just seem more irregular than I would like these days. Being knee deep in whisky for the day job doesn’t help here!

      Yes, I know what you mean about Foursquare – and I do wonder if a high proportion of column still doesn’t help much, but there ironically isn’t much information about what they do production wise.

    2. John says:

      ” Most people, even those in my drinking circles, don’t drink much rum and know nothing, whatsoever, about it.”

      Because the current most well known way to “classify” rum, the color classification, is BS. Add the fact that most drinkers don’t know the basics of alcohol production adds more confusion.

      1. Welsh Toro says:

        Very true my friend. There is a huge absence of knowledge when it comes to alcohol production. Producers want to keep it mysterious and so people with an interest need to do some research and educate themselves. I see it in whisky and even more so in rum. Whisky people have no idea about sherry production and, therefore, the ‘sherry barrels’ used in the whisky industry. I love old/new world drinks like rum and sherry. Extremely interesting history and production.

  3. John says:

    “How useful are Geographical Indications in this conversation on rum classifications? Are they brought in to restrict genuine heritage (i.e. the issues with yeast strains), are they useful at preserving something unique or are they a lobbying weapon of major producers to make sure their way is the only way?”

    If it prevents the big boys from coming in to just ruin it like what was done to Tequila, then I’m all for using GIs preserving each Caribbean country’s unique style.
    Since when has the big boys not found a way to cut corners just to gain bigger bonuses?

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